Bokara rugs, part of the Central Asian rugs, are now more commonly known as Saryk Turkomen or as Afghan rugs. The principle region of production–the city of Bukhara–now lies in Uzbekistan. These rugs are known for the abundant usage of reds and their fine silk-like texture. The color scheme relies heavily on earth tones: red, sienna, brown, and greens. Often these rugs use geometric patterns and are made in an assortment of sizes.
Easily identified by their bold, distinctive pattern, Bokara rugs are an unforgettable feast for the eyes. These rugs are known for their silkiness and vibrant use of color. They are so beautiful that some of them are proudly displayed as wall hangings.
Bokara rugs are also known by the names of Bokhara and Bukhara. Their name is derived from the city in which they were traded in, but they were not weaved in the market city of Bokhara. These rugs were made by the nomadic Turkoman Tekke tribes, and these weavers gave the rug its distinctive design. In modern times, these stunning rugs are made by many of the carpet-weaving countries such as India, Turkey, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. Some are still made around the city of Bokhara in Central Asia, but these are more difficult to find.
Red, in varying shades, is the dominant color used in the weaving of Bokaras. These rugs are made with a bold contrast of color, although no more than 6 different colors are usually used. Designs skillfully use shades of greens, blacks, whites, browns, earth tones, and, of course, red.
Bokaras are easily identified by their unique design that once seen will never be forgotten. The craftsmen use small, repeating geometric designs to catch the eye. Most common are the elephant foot and the octagonal Tekke gul.
Bokaras rugs are usually made with high quality wool from Australia or New Zealand, which gives them their soft and luxurious feel. Modern Bokaras get their silky appearance from cotton processed to look and feel like real silk. In more expensive rugs, actual silk will be used in the weaving process. The quality of these antique rugs can vary greatly. Some are knotted with only 50 knots per square inch, while the finer quality rugs are made with over 300 knots per square inch. Bokaras are typically a thinner and more flexible hand-woven rug.