Description of Design and History
The Qashqa’i, a nomadic tribe living in the Fars area, has a Turkic ancestry. They are thought to have migrated into the area in the 16th century from Azerbaijan , and their Turkish dialect is most strongly related to that of the tribes inhabiting that region. Adjacent to the Qashqa’i, in the eastern Fars area, are the tribes of the Khamseh federation, who are believed to have entered the area from the area from the 13th century onwards. The carpets of the Qashqa’i are the best known and, in general, the most beautiful of the area and the history of the tribes is reflected in the resemblance of the carpet patterns to those of north-west Persia and the south-east Caucasus . The principle Qashqa’i tribes are the Basseri, the ‘Amaleh, Shesh Boluki, Qashquli and Farsi Madan; however, by no means all the different Qashqa’i carpet designs can, as yet, be attributed to the individual tribes. Even less is known about the patterns woven by the individual tribes of the Khamseh federation which include the Basseri, the Ainalu, the Baharlu, and the Nafar. Of these, the Basseri are Farsi speaking and entered Fars from Khorasan. Rugs are also woven by Arab tribes in the area. However, by no means all the carpets produced in this region are woven by nomads; many are woven by settled people in villages and in workshops mainly situated around Shiraz , the capital of Fars. This beautiful example with lovely almond design is very decorative and has a low pail , 2 sides shirazi has been changed and one side Narrow border is missing, no complete fringes.